Understanding The Makeup Of Fertilizer – Part 3

Understanding The Makeup Of Fertilizer – Part 3 – Mg, Mn, Cu, B, Mo, and Zn



At the top of almost all fertilizer labels, there is a list of the nutrients and their percentages. This is known as a “Guaranteed Analysis”. The guaranteed analysis is a legal claim of what % components make up each prill of the fertilizer contained within this bag. Refer to this list to determine if this is the right product for your crop


This is part 3, the final installment of our series, and we are going to cover the remainder of the micronutrients on the label. These nutrients help take your crops that much further.

We will be covering Magnesium (Mg), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), Boron (B), Molybdenum (Mo), and Zinc (Zn)



Magnesium (Mg)

Magnesium drives photosynthesis in plants. Without magnesium, chlorophyll cannot capture the energy needed for photosynthesis. In short, magnesium is required to give leaves their green color. Magnesium in plants is located in the enzymes, in the heart of the chlorophyll molecule. Magnesium is also used by plants for the metabolism of carbohydrates and in cell membrane stabilization.


Signs of Magnesium Deficiency

• Yellowing between the leaf veins,

• Reddish-brown color on the leaf edge

• Premature leaf fall




Manganese (Mn) Manganese is a fascinating and powerful element in plants. In photosynthesis, it helps process, water, and CO2 (with the addition of light) down into a digestible carbohydrate for the plant. Think of it like lighter fluid for a fire; a small amount of it is necessary to assist it in getting going, but if you put too much of it on the fire, you’ll get a violent explosion. This is roughly the same concept with Manganese.


Plants need a small amount to “jump-start” photosynthesis (and aid other metabolic processes) but too much leads to a toxic state. Signs of Manganese Deficiency (may appear as Iron deficiency) • Yellow leaves with green veins • Tan and brown spots on leaves • Stunted growth


Signs of Manganese Toxicity (too much Manganese) • Veins turn dark colors (usually black) • Leaf curling or cupping



Copper (Cu) Copper (Cu) activates some enzymes in plants that are involved in the strengthening of the plant's cell walls. It is also required in the process of photosynthesis, is essential in plant respiration, and assists in plant metabolism of carbohydrates and proteins. Copper also serves to intensify flavor and color in vegetables and color in flowers.



Signs of Copper Deficiency • Newest leaves will have yellow or brown spots • Newest leaves will grow stunted, or small • Newest leaves will come in curled